The mediæval concept
of the Seven Deadly or Capital Sins
was derived from the fourth-century Greek monk Evagrius Ponticus,
who listed eight :
Gastrimargia : GLUTTONY.
Porneia : PROSTITUTION, SEXUAL EXCESS.
Philargyria : LOVE OF MONEY, HOARDING.
Lypé : ENVY.
Orgé : ANGER.
Akédia : ACCIDIE, DEJECTION, DESPAIR (later misleadingly
rendered as SLOTH).
Kenodoxia : BOASTING, VAINGLORY.
Hyperéphania : PRIDE, ARROGANCE, SELF-AGGRANDISEMENT, what
is often now called HUBRIS.
The last two were combined
by Pope Gregory I in his Latin list of 590 CE under SUPERBIA.
I find it stange that he did not add BITTERNESS (Acerbitas) to the list.
Other sins are sometimes
added, notably CONCUPISCENTIA.